Diabetes Care

While diabetes is a very common disease, proper diabetes care must be very individualized. If you are diagnosed with diabetes you and your family and friends should take the time to learn about diabetes and its complications, treatments and care. Establishing a good diabetes care team and diabetes treatment plan will help you successfully manage your diabetes.

The below points are critical to healthy diabetes care:

  • Making healthy food choices
  • Understanding food labels
  • Calculating calorie needs and carb, protein and fat intake
  • Creating meal plans
  • Creating a safe exercise plan, including aerobic activity, strength training and flexibility exercises
  • Checking blood glucose throughout the day
  • Blood glucose records
  • Physician provided A1c tests
  • Medication, if needed
  • Stress management

Type 1 Diabetes Care

At its core, proper type 1 diabetes care is composed of a handful of elements: blood glucose control and insulin management, exercise, nutrition and diabetes support . It is important to keep blood sugar close to normal. Having high blood sugar can cause serious problems over time and can lead to nerve damage, kidney disease, vision problems, pain or loss of feeling in hands and feet, amputation, heart disease and strokes. Low blood sugar can cause one to have a fast heart beat, shake and sweat. People with very low blood sugar can get headaches, get very sleepy, pass out, or even suffer from seizures.

Type 2 Diabetes Care

Complications of type 2 diabetes include coronary heart disease, stroke, eye disease, kidney disease, and nerve disease (which can lead to amputation). These complications typically do not produce symptoms in the early stages and can be prevented and minimized with proper management and diabetes care. Proper type 2 diabetes care consists of physical activity, medication and monitoring.

Gestational Diabetes

Like Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes care is composed of a handful of elements. An effective treatment plan includes blood glucose control and insulin management, daily exercise, nutrition and diabetes support . It is important to keep blood sugar close to normal to ensure a safe pregnancy for you and your child. Having high blood sugar during pregnancy can cause the baby to grow very large (weigh more than 9 pounds) and this may cause problems at the time of delivery.

Along with your physician, the Allen Diabetes Center can play an important role in your diabetes care. The Center offers a series of classes for diabetes self-management and individual appointments if required. Participants in these programs learn to live successfully with diabetes by managing diet, physical activity and medications, all of which will help avoid complications and lead a healthier life. Initial class topics include blood glucose monitoring, exercise guidelines, medication management, insulin instruction and insulin pump training, if needed. More advanced topics include prevention of complications, dining out, sick-day guidelines and carbohydrate counting. A physician referral is required for these services.

  • Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) - Education of nutrition-related topics, including carbohydrate counting, nutrition management while traveling or dining out and special nutrition needs for patients with diabetes. Individual appointments are also available as needed.
  • Insulin Pump Instruction - We provide assistance to the patient as he/she learns to use the insulin pump. Classes and individual appointments are offered. Several appointments are usually necessary until the patient is confident in the day-to-day management of the insulin pump.
  • Continuous Glucose Monitoring Sensor Instruction - Continuous glucose monitoring sensors (CGMS) provide the ability to monitor blood sugars around the clock and set alarms to indicate dangerously high and low blood sugar levels.

For health education classes, medical nutrition therapy, insulin instruction, or medical consultation by an endocrinologist, please have your healthcare provider complete this form.

For the Sweet Success program (diabetes during pregnancy), please have your healthcare provider complete this form.