Types of Vascular Disease
There are many types of vascular disease. The most common of which include:
An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge in the wall of a blood vessel. Most aneurysms
occur in the aorta
(the main artery that travels through your chest and abdomen, and carries
oxygen-rich blood to your body). This type of aneurysm is called an
abdominal aortic aneurysm . If an aneurysm occurs in the upper chest cavity, it’s called a
thoracic aneurysm . Aneurysms can be life threatening due to dangerous bleeding that may
occur if they rupture or dissect.
Carotid Artery Disease
Carotid artery disease occurs when the main blood vessels to the brain
develop a buildup of plaque caused by atherosclerosis. Over time, this
narrowing may eventually become so severe that a blockage decreases blood
flow to the brain, causing stroke. A stroke can also occur if a piece
of plaque or a blood clot breaks off from the wall of the carotid artery
and travels to the smaller arteries of the brain.
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) , also referred to as peripheral arterial
disease (PAD), is a serious condition that impacts the blood supply to
the legs and feet. This occurs when plaque build-up in the arteries (atherosclerosis)
causes the walls of the arteries to become narrowed and therefore decreases
blood flow. When the blood supply to the leg muscles is decreased, it
causes severe cramping. A complete blockage can result in constant leg
pain, leg ulcers or even gangrene and possible amputation
State-of-the-Art Vascular Disease Care
When it comes to
diagnosing vascular disease and
treating vascular disease , Hoag Heart & Vascular Institute is a nationally recognized leader.
With its exceptional team of physician experts and staff, progressive
technology, and state-of-the-art facilities, Hoag continues to lead the
way in comprehensive vascular disease care both locally and nationwide.