Types of Vascular Disease

There are many types of vascular disease. The most common of which include:


An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge in the wall of a blood vessel. Most aneurysms occur in the aorta (the main artery that travels through your chest and abdomen and carries oxygen-rich blood to your body). This type of aneurysm is called an abdominal aortic aneurysm. If an aneurysm occurs in the upper chest cavity, it’s called a thoracic aneurysm. Aneurysms can be life-threatening due to dangerous bleeding that may occur if they rupture or dissect.

Carotid Artery Disease

Carotid artery disease occurs when the main blood vessels to the brain develop a buildup of plaque caused by atherosclerosis. Over time, this narrowing may eventually become so severe that a blockage decreases blood flow to the brain, causing stroke. A stroke can also occur if a piece of plaque or a blood clot breaks off from the wall of the carotid artery and travels to the smaller arteries of the brain.

Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) , also referred to as peripheral arterial disease (PAD), is a serious condition that impacts the blood supply to the legs and feet. This occurs when plaque build-up in the arteries (atherosclerosis) causes the walls of the arteries to become narrowed and therefore decreases blood flow. When the blood supply to the leg muscles is decreased, it causes severe cramping. A complete blockage can result in constant leg pain, leg ulcers or even gangrene and possible amputation

State-of-the-Art Vascular Disease Care

When it comes to diagnosing vascular disease and treating vascular disease, Hoag Heart & Vascular Institute is a nationally recognized leader. With its exceptional team of physician experts and staff, progressive technology, and state-of-the-art facilities, Hoag continues to lead the way in comprehensive vascular disease care both locally and nationwide.