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Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease, also known as Coronary Heart Disease, is the most common type of heart disease, and is the leading cause of death in United States among both men and women.

Conorary Artery Disease relates to the gradual build-up of plaque in the coronary arterie, which causes the arteries to narrow or even clog the flow of blood. If an artery is totally blocked, the heart muscle become "starved" for oxygen and nutrients. Within a short time, permanent damage to the heart muscle cells can occur, most commonly called a heart attack.

Screenings & Diagnostics

An individual being evaluated for possible coronary artery disease may begin with the simplest tests such as an EKG or exercise stress test and may progress to more complicated tests such as heart catheterization or angiogram. Specific tests depend on the patient's particular symptoms and the physician's assessment. Some of these tests are non-invasive - that is, they don't involve inserting needles, instruments or fluids into the body. Those that do are called invasive tests.

Treatment Options

Treatments for coronary artery disease include:

  • Medications- Many medications can prevent the discomfort of angina. The medications work to increase the blood flow to the heart muscle or reduce the heart's demand for oxygen by slowing the heart rate and reducing blood pressure.
  • Surgery

There are a variety of surgical options available for coronary artery disease.

Here are a few of the options:

  • Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
  • Angioplasty, Stent Placement and Atherectomy
  • Angioplasty and Stent Placement
  • Atherectomy, Rotational Atherectomy