Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Artery Disease, also known as Coronary Heart Disease, is the most
common type of heart disease, and is the leading cause of death in United
States among both men and women.
Conorary Artery Disease relates to the gradual builf-up of plaque in the
coronary arterie, which causes the arteries to narrow or even clog the
flow of blood. If an artery is totally blocked, the heart muscle become
"starved" for oxygen and nutrients. Within a short time, permanent
damage to the heart muscle cells can occur, most commonly called a
Screenings & Diagnostics
An individual being evaluated for possible coronary artery disease may
begin with the simplest tests such as an EKG or exercise stress test and
may progress to more complicated tests such as heart catheterization or
angiogram. Specific tests depend on the patient's particular symptoms
and the physician's assessment. Some of these tests are non-invasive
- that is, they don't involve inserting needles, instruments or fluids
into the body. Those that do are called invasive tests.
Treatments for coronary artery disease include:
Medications- Many medications can prevent the discomfort of angina. The medications
work to increase the blood flow to the heart muscle or reduce the heart's
demand for oxygen by slowing the heart rate and reducing blood pressure.
There are a variety of surgical options available for coronary artery disease.
Here are a few of the options:
- Cardiovascular Surgery
- Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
- Angioplasty, Stent Placement and Atherectomy
- Angioplasty and Stent Placement
- Atherectomy, Rotational Atherectomy