Gastric cancer is term used to describe cancer that occurs in the stomach.
The most common type of stomach cancer occurs within the mucus-producing
cells on the inside lining of the stomach (adenocarcinoma). Over time,
the cancer may invade more deeply into the stomach wall and may grow through
the stomach's outer layer into nearby organs, such as the liver, pancreas,
esophagus, or intestine.
It’s important to note that over the decades true gastric cancer
has continued to decline. However, cancers of the junction between the
esophagus and stomach are increasing. These latter tumors appear to be
more similar to esophageal cancers rather than true gastric cancer.
Risk Factors for Gastric Cancer
The exact cause of gastric cancer is unknown. However, factors that may
increase an individual’s risk of stomach cancer include:
- A diet high in smoked, salted and pickled foods
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables
- Eating foods contaminated with aflatoxin fungus
- Family history of stomach cancer
- Infection with Helicobacter pylori
- Long-term stomach inflammation
- Pernicious anemia
- Stomach polyps
Symptoms of Gastric Cancer
Signs and symptoms of gastric cancer may include:
- Feeling full and/or bloated after eating small amounts of food
- Heartburn and/or indigestion
- Stomach pain
- Persistent nausea and/or vomiting
- Unexplained weight loss
Because gastric cancer symptoms are similar to many other gastrointestinal
conditions, accurate evaluation is critical to ensure proper treatment.
That’s why it’s important to seek care from a healthcare expert
experienced in the complex
treatment of gastric cancer and other gastrointestinal conditions.
Expert Care You Can Trust!
The Hoag Digestive Disease Center, in alliance with USC Norris Comprehensive
Cancer Center, continues to lead the way in complex gastrointestinal care,
providing access to a highly specialized surgical team that works collaboratively
with Hoag-affiliated GI and medical oncology specialists. Hoag’s
accurate diagnosis, combined with
progressive therapeutic options enables Hoag patients to achieve some of the highest clinical outcomes
in the nation.
To schedule a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation, or a second-opinion
consultation with a Hoag gastroenterology expert, visit
Meet the Team, or call us at: 888-566-9712.