As the Exercise Physiologist forHoag Executive Health I have the privilege
of working directly with each executive who receives one of our comprehensive
physicals. Almost everyone I meet with describes a busy, hectic work week,
and an even busier home life. They know that exercise is important and
that they should find time to fit it in, but figure as long as their cholesterol
is low and blood pressure is normal their risk of developing Coronary
Heart Disease (CHD) is low.
It turns out that a lack of physical activity is just as accurate a predictor
of developing CHD as high cholesterol. Engaging in physical activity
improves your cardiorespiratory fitness and directly increases your ability
to prevent heart disease. Cardiorespiratory fitness refers to the functional
ability of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, and muscles to work together.
Even individuals with high LDL levels of cholesterol (the “bad”
cholesterol) can avoid CHD as long as they display high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness.
Cardiorespiratory fitness is quantified with a VO2max test. There are several
ways to perform the test but it is typically done on a treadmill or bike.
Once your VO2 max is identified, your risk of developing CHD can be determined.
Every Hoag Executive Physical includes a VO2 max test in each so that
we can provide each client with an accurate insight into their heart’s heath.
The only way to improve cardiorespiratory fitness is to exercise, but taking
an hour out of your day to workout might not be a realistic option. If
this is the case, you have to find small opportunities throughout the
day to squeeze in activity. Three, 10-minute bouts of moderate-intensity
activity are just as effective as one half-hour session. Moderate-intensity
exercise is equal to walking at a speed of 4.0 mph on a treadmill, or
at a pace that requires enough heavy breathing that you can’t speak
more than a few words at a time. Take a brisk walk around your building
first thing in the morning, again at lunch, and once more before your
leave. Consider investing in an activity tracker (theFitbit pedometer,Nike
Fuel band andJawbone UP bracelet are popular options) that will let you
know if you are getting enough movement in your day.
While it is important to actively monitor your cholesterol, monitoring
your physical activity may be just as important. Engaging in physical
activity provides heart protection that can not be obtained by other means.
Preventing heart disease requires a comprehensive approach to your health,
but it’s worth the effort.
Amanda Allen MS, CSCS