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Advancements in Concussion Management: A Comprehensive Approach

Concussions are a common form of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that can result from a blow to the head or a sudden jolt to the body causing the brain to move rapidly within the skull. Despite their classification as a ‘mild’ brain injury, the potential long-term repercussions have spurred ongoing research and advancements in treatment modalities.

“In recent years, we have made significant strides in understanding concussions and refining treatment strategies,” said Andrew D. Ly, M.D., Concussion/Mild TBI Program advisor within Hoag’s nationally ranked Pickup Family Neurosciences Institute. “Hoag offers patients a multidisciplinary approach to concussion management, working with experts across sub-specialties to provide tailored treatment options.”

Dr. Ly shares both traditional and novel treatment approaches available at Hoag.

If you or a loved one has experienced a concussion, contact your primary care physician at

  • Immediate Rest and Gradual Return to Activity: Concussion management entails providing the brain with ample time to heal with Immediate rest, both cognitively and physically. As symptoms improve, patients can gradually increase physical and cognitive exertion.
  • Vestibular and Vision Therapy: Concussions can disrupt the brain’s processing of visual and spatial information, resulting in symptoms like dizziness and balance issues. Vestibular therapy aims to retrain the brain in interpreting inner ear signals accurately, while vision therapy targets eye movement and coordination.
  • Cognitive Rehabilitation: Cognitive impairments are common post-concussion, affecting memory, attention, and executive functions. Cognitive rehabilitation involves tailored exercises and strategies to enhance these cognitive skills, proving particularly beneficial for individuals with persistent deficits.
  • Psychotherapy: Beyond physical symptoms, concussions can evoke distressing emotions such as fear and anxiety. Psychotherapy interventions address these emotional responses, offering support and coping mechanisms to individuals navigating the aftermath of a concussion.
  • Pharmacological Treatments: In certain cases, pharmacological interventions may be warranted to manage specific symptoms. Medications can help alleviate headaches, migraines, sleep disturbances, and mood-related issues. However, medication should always be prescribed and monitored by a medical professional familiar with concussion management.

As our understanding of concussions deepens, these advancements offer hope for improved outcomes and a better quality of life for those affected by these injuries. To learn more, visit