Pelvic Floor Conditions
Hoag Pelvic Health Program specializes in treating pelvic floor conditions that impact men and women.
Bladder disorders are a significant health problem affecting us economically and socially. There are several types of bladder disorders, such as:
- Urinary Incontinence
- Neurogenic Bladder / Overactive Bladder (OAB)
- Interstitial Cystitis
- Urinary Hesitancy
- Nocturia (frequent urination at night)
- Cystocele (prolapse of the bladder)
- Painful Bladder Syndrome
There are many types of bowel disorders that can affect everything from the absorption, movement through the bowel, irritability of the bowels and control over the emptying of the bowel.
Bowel disorders can arise for many reasons including: a disease or injury that caused damage to the nervous system, injuries sustained to the pelvic floor due to giving birth, cancer surgery, hemorrhoid surgery or other health problems.
- Fecal Incontinence
- Flatulence Incontinence
- Chronic Constipation
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
- Rectal Prolapse
Pelvic Pain Disorders
Due to the sensitive nature of pelvic disorders, these disorders are likely underreported and may be significantly more common than research currently suggests. Pelvic pain may be in multiple areas including the lower abdomen, perineum, vulva/vagina (females), testes or penis (men), rectum or anus, or the tailbone. Back pain, bladder, bowel and sexual pains are also common.
- Dyspareunia (painful intercourse)
- Vulvar pain
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Erectile dysfunction
- Coccydynia (tailbone pain)
- Pudental Nerve Entrapment
- Proctalgia Fugax
Women and Cancer
For women, chemotherapy and drugs can rapidly deplete the body of estrogen and change hormonal balance. This frequently leads to multiple changes in vaginal tissues, the pelvic muscles, urinary system, digestive tract and several other systems. Dryness in vaginal tissues can be very painful during intercourse and lead to sexual dysfunction. Chronic depletion of estrogen can also lead to vaginal atrophy, or shrinkage of the muscles surrounding the vagina. These muscles contribute to sexual function and are essential for bowel and bladder function (urinary urgency, frequency or pain).
Scarring from abdominal surgeries (after colon, ovarian, or cervical cancers) can also lead to pelvic problems such as constipation, abdominal pain and cramping, or even back pain.
Men and Cancer
For males, removal of the prostate (prostatectomy) can lead to scarring and irritation around the bladder and pelvic floor muscles. The scarring can also irritate local nerves and can lead to chronic pelvic pain, tailbone pain, urinary or bowel frequency or incontinence. It can also lead to sexual dysfunction such as painful intercourse or erectile dysfunction.
Some common conditions and complaints following a cancer diagnosis and treatment include:
- Painful intercourse or sexual dysfunction after chemotherapy or hormonal therapies
- Post-prostatectomy (related pain, sexual dysfunction, loss of urinary or bowel control)
- Shoulder / upper back / neck pain after breast reconstruction or mastectomy
- Breast reconstruction complications
- Abdominal scarring after colon, ovarian or cervical cancer