Types of Aortic Valve Disease
Aortic Regurgitation– Aortic regurgitation (also called aortic insufficiency) occurs
when the aortic valve is unable to close completely. As a result, the
valve leaks, which leads to reduced blood flow to the body. This causes
the heart to work harder to make up for insufficient blood flow, and over
time the heart weakens. In mild cases, aortic regurgitation may be treated
using medication therapy. However, in moderate to severe cases, Aortic
Valve Surgery is recommended to either repair or replace the damaged
Aortic Stenosis– Aortic stenosis occurs when the heart's aortic valve narrows.
This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully, which obstructs
blood flow from the heart into the aorta and onward to the rest of the
body. As a result of reduced blood flow, the pressure increases inside
the left heart ventricle. As the pressure continues to rise, blood may
back up into the lungs, and may prevent adequate blood flow to the brain.
In cases of aortic stenosis, Aortic Valve Surgery is generally recommended
to either repair or replace the damaged aortic valve.
Inoperable Severe Aortic Stenosis– The best method for treating aortic stenosis is to replace the
damaged valve. However, for some patients with aortic stenosis, conventional
surgery is not an option. The good news is Hoag is the first and only
center in Orange County to offer the ground-breaking Transcatheter Aortic
Valve Replacement (TAVR). This revolutionary non-surgical option utilizes
a catheter to replace the damaged aortic valve for patients who are not
candidates for conventional open heart surgery.